Joaquim Goes was an attacking centre-half in the initial stages of his successful career. While Sheikh Aboo had a mighty kick, Goes excelled in heading. He was the captain of Vasco Sports Club when they won the First Division league championship for the first time in 1953-54. Goes was the top scorer for Vasco during this season with 29 goals. After donning the Tata colours for a couple of seasons, Goes joined Salgaocar in 1957 and was the captain of the side when they won the First Division league Championship in 1960. Salgaocar defeated Vasco, 3-1 in the final of the Salgaocar Gold Cup tournament in 1957. He scored tWo goals and Authur Goes got the other.
Joaquim Goes started his coaching career with Salgaocar in 1963-64. He guided the team for two seasons and then coached Vasco Sports Club from 1966 to 1968. Vasco won the Kerala trophy for the first time in 1967. Goes was the coach of the Goa team that participated in the Nationals for the first time at Madras in 1964. He also coached the team for the 1971 National at Madras and the 1972 Santosh Trophy in Goa.
He was associated with Salgaocar since 1979. Salgaocar has achieved a good deal of success under his guidance, having become the champion club of the country for two years in succession (1988 and 1989). Salgaocar, infact, made the Federation Cup final four times in a row (1987 to 1990) under him. Shanmugham has guided Salgaocar to success in the Rovers Cup,Sait Nagjee tournament,Naya Duniya tournament, Tamil Nadu Football Association Shield tournament and the Bandodkar Gold Trophy. They has also been the runner-up in the Rovers Cup, Sait Nagjee, Vizag Trophy and the Bordoloi Shield. Goa emerged the Joint winner of the Santosh trophy with Bengal in the 1983 Nationals at Calcutta and won it outright at the cost of Punjab in the 1984 championship held at Madras under his guidance.
Shanmugham was a member of the Indian team that won the Gold Medal in the first Asian Games, which were held in Delhi in 1951. He was also a member of the Indian team that participated in the Olympics in Helsinki in 1952. Shanmugham, who excelled as a centre-half played for Mysore from 1944 to 1954 and was the captain of the Mysore team that won the Santosh trophy in 1946 and 1952. He was the coach of the Karnataka team that won the national championship in 1967 and 1968. The government honoured him with the Bakshi Bahaddar Jivbadada Kerkar award in 1990.
The Olympian goalkeeper coached Vasco Sports Club from 1974 to 1976. Vasco with several youngsters in the side defeated Dempo 3-1 in the 1975 Bandodkar Gold Trophy final soon after the latter had achieved the distinction of becoming the first Goan team to win the Rovers cup. Vasco also won the the Chakola Gold Trophy and the G. V. Raja Trophy when they had Thangaraj as their coach. Thangaraj also played for Vasco and they emerged as runner-up to Mohun Bagan in the Bordoloi Shield tournament at Guwahati in 1974.He coached the Goa team for the 1974 National at Jalandhar.Thangaraj was the recipient of the Arjuna Award in 1967.
Rathnam was associated with Dempo since 1970. He took over as the coach after the tragic demise of Cyril Ferrao. Dempo won the Rovers Cup for the fist time in 1975 under his guidance. He also guided Dempo to triumph in the Stafford Cup, Nizam Gold Cup and the Bordoloi Shield.Dempo has also won the Bandodkar Gold Trophy, Taca Goa, Police Cup,First Division League, Pele Cup,Plaza Cup and the Super League championship under his guidance. He was the coach of the Goa team that emerged runners-up in the 1978 National Championship at Srinagar,Rathnam was the recipient of the Bakshi Bahaddar Jivbadada Kerkar State award in 1982.
Joao D''Melio started his coaching career with Panvel Sports Club Ribandar which lifted the Bandodkar GOld Trophy in 1974 as the squeezed past Sesa Goa 2-1 in the final. A number of promising youngsters worked hard under his guidance and made a good name for themselves in due course of time Panvel became the nursery of Goan football and enjoyed tremendous public support. They were one of the leading sides in the Senior Division League and put up a good showin in major tournaments such as the Rovers Cup, Madura Coats etc.
Joao joined Salgaocar in 1975 and helped them to regain the Senior Division League championship after a prolonged gap. Salgaocar also finished as runners-up to Tata Sports Club in the Nizam Gold Trophy during the same season.
Then he was associated with Sesa Goa which won the Bandodkar Gold Trophy, defeating Salgaocar by a solitary goal in the replayed final after an exciting 2-2 draw in the original meeting in 1978. Sesa Goa became the joint winner of the Bandodkar Gold Trophy in 1979 and went on to win such outstation tournaments as Vi zag Trophy, Cochin Customs and Central Excise Cup, the Sikkim Governor''s Gold Cup and the Madura Coats Trophy.
The Olympian footballer who is also a well known FIFA referee served Salgaocar as coach during the 1984-85 season. Salgaocar was unlucky not to have made it to the Federation Cup final at Bangalore under his guidance. They lost the double leg semifinal to Mohun Bagan in the tie-breaker after leading by two goals. Hakim had sent Derrick Pereira as a substitute towards the fag end of the game and Derrick netted the last minute equaliser for Salgaocar. Hakim was a squadron leader in the Indian Air Force and has serv9d as referee in all the major tournaments of the country, including the Jawaharlal Nehru Gold Cup International tournament, with distinction. He had officiated matches in the 17th Asian Youth championship and had also supervised Pre-Olympic matches at Baghdad, Afghanistan.
The well known soccer correspondent of The Hind newspaper was associated With Vasco Sports Club as the coach when they enjoyed the patronage from the House of Bandekar. He coached MRF during the 1988-89 season when they became Goa champions. MRF did quite well in the Kolar Mines Gold Cup in 1988.
Other outstationers to have served as coaches for the Goan teams an Mumtaz Hussain (Salgaocar) Shabbir Ali (Salgaocar), G.M.H Basha (Dempo), Maqbool (Dempo) Pentiah (Sesa Goa), Iqbal (Sesa Goa), Albert Johannes (Dempo) Amal Dutta (Dempo), TKChatunn (Dempo).
Ever since the game of football in Goa went professional, the need for qualified coaches has became acute and imperative, especially with attention being focused on the development of the game at grassroot level in the State.
Coaching as a profession had never dawned on Goans, which explains why no Goan, today, figures among coaches engaged with the country''s top professional teams, which include Goa''s top three teams. At the start of the 1999-2000 season,Churchill Brothers acquired the services of Scotsman Danny MacLennan, while Salgaocar Sports Club hired Indian soccer star turned coach Shabbir Ali and Dempo Sports Club signed an Iranian national, Ahmad Sanzari as coach.
Except for Government sports bodies like the Directorate of Sports and the Sports Authority of Goa and the Goa has produced. Sports Authority of India,who have their own coaches,though just a handful for football, like Sushil Divakar and Francis D''Souza, football in the State has very few professional coaches. While former star players in other parts of the country, have taken to coaching in a big way, like Shabbir Ali, P. K. Bannerjee, T. K. Chathunny, Manoranjan Bhatacharya, Sukhvinder Singh to name a few, former Goan players have been myopic enough not to grab the opportunity to cash in on this vital department of the game, which is developing at a great pace.
This prompted the Goa Football Association to take on the task of developing its own coaches, to back up its Youth Development Programme. In the month of May 1999, the GFA sponsored former international and national players of the State to undergo the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) C licence course. Mahesh Lotlikar, Derrick Pereira, Mauricio Afonso, John Coutinho,Visitacao Lobo, Anthony Fernandes, Augustine Dias, Micky Rebello, Savio Madeira and Raymond Carvalho are those who have successfully completed the course.
While Marcus Pacheco has been selected to undergo the course for the AFC A license course, both Brahmanand and Mariano have qualified as AFC B license coaches.
Marcus Pacheco who has taken charge of Salgaocar Sports Club as its chief coach for the season 2000-2001, the first Goan after almost three decades or so to take charge of a top national team, is also the special advisor to the Goa Football Association''s Youth Development Programme while Brahmanand Shankhwalkar and Visitacao Lobo are the Technical Directors of the Youth Development Programme. Both Marcus and Brahmanand are also national coaches of the All India Football Federation, having taken charge of training the India Junior team and the goalkeepers of the country respectively.
Another successful NIS qualified coach, Vishwas Gaonkar, is the chief coach of the prestigious Sesa Goa Football Academy, moulding young talent into quality football players. The Goa Football Association is the only football association in the country that has taken keen interest in developing coaches at its own cost and as it goes through its 40th anniversary, it will have the satisfaction to see its efforts culminate into successfully producing professional coaches in the years to come.
Antonio Marcus Pacheco, on taking over charge of Salgaocar Sports Club, handed the club its first major victory of the 2000-2001 season emerging champions of the Millennium Cup held at Pondichery, where the creme de la creme of Indian football participated. He has seriously established, after decades, that Goan coaches have now come of age and are very much in the business of coaching the professional teams of India. Marcus is Goa''s most highly qualified coach, armed with an NIS Certificate, a Diploma from the Brazil Football Academy and the AFC ''B'' Coaching Licence.
Marcus believes that there is no ceiling to knowledge and a coach should constantly be upgrading his knowledge of the game, which is continously being developed,scientifically and technically in the world. Marcus who instills an aura of confidence in his team, says those involved with coaching football should not to be content with what is already achieved but to press ahead for quicker progress. "It is in the interest of the individual to enhance his knowledge. One should not stop with just the NIS or the AFC licence course. There is nothing wrong with undergoing both courses or more. The experience will definitely help the coach guide his boys better. This I feel could explain why we, as Goans, are not successful as coaches."
Marcus says that during his days as a player, the youth were unfortunate, as they had no opportunity to train under professional coaches. He pointed out, that during those days, they learnt from whatever little knowledge the coaches had, which was quite outdated. "I think it is their experience and the training that they received from the past which they tried to implement. l;Iad they updated their knowledge along scientific lines, we could have benefited a lot."
Not content with just the NIS course certificate received in 1984-85 while playing for the MPT team, 42-year-old Marcus travelled to Brazil and underwent the Brazil Football Academy (BFA) coaching course. This, he said, was made possible due to the financial help ofRs 75,000 given to him by Mormugao Port Trust Chairman, where he initially worked as coach, before his assignment with Salgaocar. "Football is religion to the Brazilians and the manner in which they go about their task is absolutely professional. The course undoubtedly enriched my knowledge of football and coaching," Marcus disclosed.
Marcus took to coaching immediately after he prematurely quit as a player with MPT Sports Council. Ever since then - 1986 - he trained the MPT football squad. He wanted to continue his association with the game and coaching was the best way to do it, says Marcus. His other assignments included coaching the State team for the Santosh Trophy in 1987-88, State youth team from 1993 to 1995 and again for the 1996¬97 Santosh trophy at Bangalore, where as chief coach he guided the State squad into the final. Goa lost to Bengal in the final with Raman Vijayan doing the damage with a golden goal. Marcus who was entrusted to prepare the Indian youth (under-19)team that participated in the Asian Youth Championship at Thailand in the month of October, 1998, felt that there is an abundance of talented youth in tJle country but quite a lot of it goes untapped. "There is tremendous potential amongst Indian youth, particularly in Goa, Bengal, Punjab and Kerala. We just have to'' tap the talent and results will definitely flow," he said adding that a long-term youth development programme is the need of the hour and Goa has started it in right earnest.
Marcus explained that after the best among the potential talent is identified, they could be clubbed together and put through a long term residential training programme coupled with an exchange programme of competition with other States. Exposure is vital for the youth to adapt and develop a good match temperament.
According to him there are different levels of coaching. One is at the grass root level, junior level and the last is at the top level. What is required of a coach at the top level is very different from what is required at the lower level. At the top level a coach requires the power to read the game, read individual players, managing them, design strategies and implement these strategies. He has to be tactical, technical and strategical. Management of players is very important so he can motivate them and translate his programme into results.
At the lower levels, coaching is a different story altogether. At grass roots level, a coach has to put a lot of effort into planning and programming. He should know how much a human body, in various age brackets, is able to cope up with. Unless a coach plans for each player individually after studying him carefully, he will not be able to achieve the end result. The coach must take into consideration the objective behind the training, whether it is for competition or for a year or the number of years that the player will undergo training.
At the junior level, after the player has gone through rudimentary training, the coach needs to focus on individual deficiencies, exposure to competition and confidence building. This is a very crucial phase in the development of a sportsman when a lot of stress has to be laid on developing the psychology of the trainee.
Marcus feels that Indians match their South East Asian counterparts in skill and talent but were lagging far behind as far as physical strength and endurance is concerned. Besides, failure to convert the many chances that occur during a match is something to worry about and needs utmost attention.
"Our strikers are poor finishers. Most of them are not alert enough to encash on situations that come their way. For instance a loose ball which needs him to react quickly. Our strikers do not visualise the playing field before them, so when they are in possession of the ball, they are not aware of the position of a defender and the goalkeeper. This is vital for a striker to develop his moves and happens due to lack of concentration," says Marcus.
"The movement during the game should follow the form of a drill during training.There are various drills on positioning in the attacking format, to different positions of the ball when it is on the wings or is being floated in the air. Another is the peripheral vision. Readin,g a defender during the course of the match is very important and will help the striker when he is going for the ball or attempting a common ball, because the body language of the defender will send signals. During training the player should be taught to be mentally strong against an opponent. Much stress has to be laid on the extent of damage that can be caused by going in for a ball which is beyond his reach. So reading or judging a situation is important. During a training match, there appears to be lack of concentration in the movement of players and therefore scoring comes easy. But in competition he finds it tough. Why talk of a 25 or 50 per cent chance. Let us talk of a one to one situation, a 100 per cent chance to score and he goofs up. This is because his approach while training is casual," explains Marcus.
According to him, an exception is India''s ace forward and mercurial striker, I. M. Vijayan, who he says reads the game and plays according to the position. "His mind works like a computer on the field. Whenever he is on the move, he looks at the goalkeeper and the defenders'' position and advances to score. He programmes, plans and executes a goal well," said Marcus.
"Goa does not lack in many respects. We and the Brazilians have the same environment. The only thing absent is hard work. We do not know to take load football. The game today is all about load," Marcus explains adding that Goa''s striker Marcus Carvalho, has all the ingredients of a good striker. The former MPT coach agrees that the NIS course is more informative, in depth and prolonged than the AFC Licence courses. "The AFC course basically teaches the ways and means to train players at various levels which is done within a time frame that is rather too short. The NIS course besides covering the various aspects of training methods deals with the body functions such as anaerobic and aerobic, cardio vascular and oxygen intake, kinesiology (motor ability of muscles) and psychology. Resting the body is also very important. It is systematic and thorough," says Marcus.
Talking of psychology, Marcus works hard to develop his players'' temperament and gets into the mind of the player to boost his confidence.
Marcus does not agree that good players necessarily make good coaches. "A good coach is sincere, hardworking and above all honest to himself. This is taught to us during the AFC courses. A good coach has the ability to read and plug the trouble spots during play. Therefore the best coach is the most successful coach and I think no coach has been consistently successful. I think there is really one big drawback in coaching, whether it is an ex-player or anybody. In coaching he plans everything including strategies, but putting it into practice depends entirely upon the players and the type of players he has. This is one factor where the coach''s consistency has a drawback. I do agree with the theory that the best coach is the one who gets into the minds of the players. I also go with the theory that the best coach is the one who makes his player believe that he can perform, which is almost getting into the minds of the player, which is a basic factor. Besides this, the technical and tactical level has also to be taken into consideration," Marcus disclosed adding that luck is a factor too.
Marcus believes that the Goa Football Association'' s Youth Development Programme is a very impOliant and good step in the right direction and says that the days are not far when Goan footballers will start exploring the world, following Baichung Bhutia''s footsteps, who became the first Indian footballer to sign up with an English League club, Bury Football Club.
Though it is not the prerogative of a coach but that of a teams'' doctor, Marcus says that the coach must have a first hand knowledge of injuries. "Knowledge of injuries is required by coaches. A sprain for instance, a common injury in football, is attended to by rubbing the affected muscle and players are made to walkout of the field which is wrong. An ice pack should be placed immediately on the affected area and the player must be immobilised and carried out of the pitch on a stretcher," he said, suggesting that coaches must undergo a course in first-aid.
Marcus is very particular about injuries as he knows the extent of damage done if aggravated. A year ago, Dempo''s Brazilian physical trainer Luis Andre, conducted a course which he found very useful. He strongly advocates the need for all teams, including those in the First Division, to hire the services of a qualified physician.
Indian football is quite technically backward and efforts should be made to improve the quality of coaching at the earliest stages of a player''s training, if the future is to hold hope. The Goa Football Association has taken the first tentative steps, supporting and encouraging former players to take up coaching. Very soon, Goa will have a crop of its own qualified coaches that will help supplement the progress of football in this State, specially with its Youth Development Programme.